Dongfang Shuo (ca. 160 BCE – ca. 93 BCE) was a Han Dynasty scholar-official, fangshi ("master of esoterica"), author, and court jester to Emperor Wu (r. 141 – 87 BCE). In Chinese mythology, Dongfang is considered a Daoist xian ("transcendent; immortal") and the spirit of Venus who incarnated as a series of ancient ministers including Laozi.
In Caodaist Temple of God the Mother, his statue is located on the altar. This recalls a Chinese myth, in which Dongfang Shuo helped Emperor Wu meet God the Mother.