A famous ancient Chinese palace, where a fourteen-year-old poet won the first prize in a poetry competition and became successful later in life. Therefore, the palace's name became known as an opportunity facilitating young men's successful career.
Spirits of all kinds.
According to Caodaiism, there are eight categories of spirits, from the lowest to the highest:
A palace with statues of unicorn, which is used to worship great mandarins. The term implies great success.
Put on your mourning dress.
In a Caodai's funeral, the rite announcer sings out this phrase to signal everyone to prepare for the rite.
This phrase is usually found at the end of a religious written order, meaning "Just do what you are responsible for".
This expression means " Just carry out what you are assigned to". The rite announcer sings out this in a Caodai's major ceremony for everyone to start their performance.
Thoroughly study everything to gain a complete insight into it.
Confucianism teaches a junzi (gentleman or superior person) to carry out:
Having authority over.
Change, vary, alter.
Improving the conducts.
Correction of an error.
A dignitary in Hiệp Thiên Đài (Caodai's Judicial Body), under Chưởng Ấn and above Giám Đạo.
Disobeying an order.
To defend somebody in court .
In Caodai, holy water is used in the Sacrament of Purification in a funeral.
To be moved by something.
Shields and lances (that is, war.)
The Universe (The Universe Sphere).
God taught Phối Sư Thái Bính Thanh how to make the Universe Sphere (The Collection of Divine Messages):
"Bính, I assign you to make the Universe Sphere. Do you understand? (Laughing) A globe like the earth. Got that? It should be 3.333 meters in diameter . I know it is too big! It should be that big though because it contains magic power. Paint it sky-blue. Paint stars and the constellation Ursa Major. There are thirty six heavens and four Great Continents in the space, which are not stars. The other seventy two Earths and three thousand Worlds are stars. They are 3,072 stars in total. You should have them all painted. Consult Western Astronomy Books. On the constellation Ursa Major, paint the two ship rudders ( the Big Dipper and the Little Dipper) and the North Star. Paint the Divine Eye on the North Star. Understood? The sphere had better be made of glass, in which a lamp always lights. That is an invaluable prayer for humans. However, just do whatever you can if it is too late for the convention."
History of the Universal Sphere in Tây Ninh Temple.
The first Universe Sphere was made from bamboo and cloth on September 17th 1926. It was, however, burnt out except the Divine Eye. Another sphere was made after that with the same Divine Eye.
In 1941, the French Government imprisoned Hộ Pháp, seized the Temple, destroyed the sphere and threw the Divine Eye out. Some followers picked it up and put it away.
When the French government was overthrown by the Japanese, followers renovated the Temple and made another sphere with the old Divine Eye.
On August 30th 1946, the French Government released Hộ Pháp. The Temple was renovated again. Another sphere was made this time, but then broke a little later. On January 29th 1964, what is now the Universe Sphere was put on the Temple Altar. The only thing that has still been used is the original Divine Eye, which is believed to be painted by Thượng Phẩm.
Human beings now are highly knowledgeable about the universe.
The world or the universe.
This expression implies that God is so mighty, high and wise.
Chinese: 乾無得看, 坤無得閱
Little is known about the world.
Bonds and constants. (The Three Bonds and the Five Constants according to Confucianism).
Three Bonds: ruler to ruled, father to son and husband to wife.
Five Constants: humaneness, righteousness, proper rite, knowledge and integrity.
Change, alteration, variation.
Paradise, Heaven, Nirvana, Eternal Life.
A religious structure like a pagoda.
The world, earthly life.
Sad scenery and withered flowers. (Old age)
High Tower. (Name of a religion in Vietnam)
According to Caodaists, the interpretation of the term can be found from:
1. In 1927, in a seance in Cần Thơ, Việt nam, God granted a four-line poem:
2. CAO ÐÀI is also found in this divine stanza:
3. The term CAO ÐÀI was revealed for the first time on December 15th 1925 when Messrs. Phạm Công Tắc, Cao Quỳnh Cư and Cao Hoài Sang got this divine message:
Ngày mùng 1 tháng 11 nầy (dl 16-12-1925), tam vị phải VỌNG THIÊN CẦU ÐẠO, tắm gội cho tinh khiết, ra quì giữa Trời, mỗi vị cầm 9 cây nhang mà vái rằng: "Ba tôi là Cao Quỳnh Cư, Phạm Công Tắc, Cao Hoài Sang, vọng bái CAO ÐÀI THƯỢNG ÐẾ ban ơn đủ phúc lành cho ba tôi cải tà qui chánh."
On December 16th 1925, you have to pray God for Tao. Have a bath, kneel outdoors, hold 9 incense sticks each and pray, "We are Cao Quỳnh Cư, Phạm Công Tắc, Cao Hoài Sang, praying to CAO ÐÀI THƯỢNG ÐẾ for blessing so that we can self-correct."
A new religion, which is said to have been founded by God (God the Father, King of Heaven, etc). The religion has several responsibilities:
To promote religious pluralism and tolerance through the slogan, "Three Religions (Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism) are traced to their origins and five doctrines (Humanism, Shintoism, Christianism, Taoism and Buddhism) are united"
To save 9,200,000 originally heavenly spirits, who are suffering in the world and take them back to their former heavenly status. Caodaism affirms that 10,000,000 heavenly spirits have had incarnations on earth. In the two previous amnesties, 800,000 were saved.
To hold Long Hoa Hội (Judgement Day) before the end of the Third Amnesty, when God tries to save as many sinners as possible. Those who pass Long Hoa Hội will live in the New Moral Age.
A Caodaist, a Caodai believer, a Caodai follower, etc. .
Up and down.
A place just below the human heart. According to Chinese medicine, no drugs can reach it, so a patient surely dies if his disease "enters cao hoang".
Expensive delicious food.
Sitting on a high throne.
A God's Decree.
High and profound.
1. Chinese: 高上
Supreme, leading, top, high.
Cao Đài - High Tower.
2. Chinese: 高尚
Noble, lofty, honorable.
A Caodaist rite to announce a relative's death to ancestors.
The rite includes:
Past bad deed (that causes present unhappiness)
The root of one's current life, that is the bad or good behaviors in one's previous incarnations.
The name of the horse Prince Siddhartha (young Buddha) rode out of the Royal Palace to find out how to attain enlightenment.
1. Cầm đường: According to an old Chinese story, a mandarin only played music in his hall, but he could governed his district perfectly. This expression, therefore, refers to an easy way of life.
2. Cầm hạc: Another Chinese mandarin only brought with him a musical instrument and a bird wherever he was assigned to. So honest was his lifestyle that this expression now symbolizes a noble and honest life.
An ancient Chinese stool.
This stool is for a Female Đầu Sư, but has not been made yet.
A Handbook of Religious Administration.
The formal attire for an ancient mandarin, referring to the dog-eat-dog mandarin environment in the past.
Measurement of the spirit.
Hộ Pháp used this to determine if a Caodai follower could take the Oath Ceremony to be an official disciple of Phạm môn (Pagoda Entrance, an organization established by Hộ Pháp for esoteric purpose)
Watch oneself while talking and behaving.
Hội Thánh cẩn từ:
Formal presentation from Caodaist Sacerdotal Council.
Chinese: 近燈則明, 近墨者黑
It is lighter near a lamp while it is darker near some ink. (People nearby influence you most)
The Master's mantra or God's mantra.
Master is an informal title Caodaists address God. His mantra is:
Nam mô Cao Đài Tiên Ông Đại Bồ Tát Ma Ha Tát.
The mantra is said to include twelve sounds, which symbolizes God. In addition, it represents the principle of a broad-minded religion. Cao Ðài (Confucianism) Tiên Ông (Taoism) Ðại Bồ Tát Ma Ha Tát (Buddhism.)
Pray for healing: 求病
A. First night: At Dậu (from 5 to 6 P.M.), a worship to God. A petition, flowers, wine and tea are offered by Chánh Trị Sự. Prayer of Maitreya Buddha and Prayer for Salvation are chanted (the latter, three times).
B. Second night: The same as the first night except the petition.
C. Third night: The same as the second night. Remorse Prayer may additionally be chanted if requested by the patient's family, who are required to be vegetarian for the whole day.
Chinese: 求機 (壇機)
A Caodai seance.
In a seance, Caodaist psychics use Cây Cơ (a psychic pen) to receive divine messages. It is a bamboo basket covered with yellow cloth. A rattan pen, shaped like a bird's beak, is attached to the basket to write on some surface. This is called Ngọc Cơ (Ngọc is jewel). The bigger one is Ðại Ngọc cơ and the smaller is Tiểu Ngọc cơ.
A seance includes a Chief, two psychics, a speaker and a secretary. After the Chief's prayer, the two psychics raise Cơ and wait. When Cơ writes some word on some surface like a table, the speaker dictates it to the secretary.
Before Caodai's inauguration, the participants had to chant the poem "Trời còn" and waited for Cơ to write.
Between 1924 and 1927, God used seances to preach the new doctrine and admit followers through six main seances:
1. Seance in Cầu Kho: Mr Ðoàn Văn Bản's home, Chief: Mr Vương Quan Kỳ, psychics: Nguyễn Trung Hậu and Trương Hữu Ðức.
2. Seance in Chợ Lớn: Mr Lê Văn Trung's home, Chief: Mr Lê Bá Trang, psychics: Cao Hoài Sang and Cao Quỳnh Diêu.
3. Seance in Tân Ðịnh: Mr Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ's home, Chief: Mr Thơ, psychics: Phạm Công Tắc and Cao Quỳnh Cư.
4. Seance in Thủ Ðức: Mr Ngô Văn Ðiều's home, Chief: Mr Điều, psychics: Huỳnh Văn Mai and Võ Văn Nguyên.
5. Seance in Tân Kim: Mr Nguyễn Văn Lai's home, Chief: Nguyễn Ngọc Tương and Lê Văn Lịch, psychics: Ca Minh Chương and Phạm V. Tươi.
6. Seance in Lộc Giang: in Phước Long Pagoda, Chief: Mạc Văn Nghĩa, psychics: Trần Duy Nghĩa and Trương Văn Tràng.
Nevertheless, a lot of seances, whose Chiefs and psychics were not verified by God, also operated besides those six above. Unfortunately, many evil spirits impersonated Immortals, Buddhas, even God to trick people into believing false doctrines.
Consequently, God ordered that the six seances stop working since June 1st 1927.
"In late June, I (God) have to put an end to all public seances. You disciples should finish with the establishment of the new religion.
Remember this is my decisive words!
Those who did the wrong things will deserve punishment. Just take the straight way to return to Heaven and see Me (God). That is the best choice." The Collection of Divine Messages.
From then on, seances have been held only by Hiệp Thiên Đài (The Communion Tower) in compliance with Caodai's Constitution. Unfortunately, seances have been banned since 1975.
In search of fame.
Pray to God for something.
Chinese: 求道 & 疏求道
Requesting to be a Caodaist & Caodai ID card.
Admitted, a Caodaist is issued with a provisional Caodai ID card. After six month's instructions of local dignitaries, he/she officially becomes a Caodaist and gets an official ID card.
Pray to God for soul salvation, a Caodaist requiem.
This is a Caodai's rite to pray to God for the soul of a dying Caodaist to gently leave the corpse and rise into the World of Eternal Life.
The jewel bridge.
This heavenly bridge, believed to be made of jewel, spans the ocean of suffering (earthly world), one of whose shores is of sorrow and the other is of awakening. The spirits who have had enough merits in life will cross it easily. On the other hand, the sinners' spirits will fall into the ocean, that is to say, circulate in cycle of death and rebirth forever.
Request to nullify a law.
Chinese: 求封 - 求升
Request for a religious promotion. According to Caodaist Act 1938, the lowest dignitaries can Cầu phong to be promoted as Lễ Sanh. Lễ Sanh and above can Cầu thăng to be promoted to the next rank.
Request for salvation.
Request for elevation of a soul, requiem.
A universal requiem, held by Caodaist Sacerdotal Council, for all spirits to be saved by God. There are three annual universal requiems in Khách Ðình in Tây Ninh Temple:
The world & Heaven.
Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển:
Thầy đã lập Ðạo nơi cõi Nam nầy, là cốt để ban thưởng một nước từ thuở đến giờ hằng bị lắm cơn thạnh nộ của Thầy. Thầy lại tha thứ, lại còn đến ban thưởng một cách vinh diệu. Từ tạo Thiên lập Ðịa, chưa nước nào dưới quả địa cầu 68 nầy đặng vậy
The Collection of Divine Messages:
I (God) establish a religion in Việt nam in order to reward a country which has been suffering My rage a lot. I both forgive and reward it. Since the Creation, no other countries on the 68th earth have had the same favor.
The world of eternal life, Heaven, Paradise, Nirvana, etc.
The same as cõi thiêng liêng hằng sống.
Chinese: 孤魂 & 餓鬼
Lone spirits & Starving demons.
His Holiness Hộ Pháp's sermon on lone spirits on 15th the seventh lunar month (1950):
"The spirits who are ranked as human spirits never feel lonely. In the Eternal Life, they have families, relatives and friends. No human spirits are lonely.
Some people have no children, so they are believed to die, leaving their graves uncared for. That is why they are called lone spirits. However, it is not true.
Again, I affirm there are no lone spirits, but there are starving demons like the ones whose salvation we pray for today. It was probably known that those spirits were so fond of food that they always bothered people."
The Orphanage in Tây Ninh Temple was established on Ca Bảo Ðạo Street on March 5th 1959. Now it is located on Thượng Trung Nhựt Street, Entrance 3.
Orphans and widows.
Obstinate, stubborn, dogmatic.
Pawning land and garden.
That has been rare.
A way of ancient corporal punishment in Asia, in which the criminal had to wear a cangue.
Ancient music, i.e. traditional Vietnamese music
Traditional Vietnamese music is classified into 2 categories: Văn nhạc and Võ nhạc.
Văn nhạc (Literacy music) played mostly by stringed instrument such as kìm, tranh, cò, độc huyền and so on.
Võ nhạc (Martial music) played mostly by percussion instrument.
All music played in Caodaist rites is traditional Vietnamese music. Western music, called tân nhạc, is sometimes played by the young in organizations like Đại Đạo Thanh Niên Hội (Caodaist Youth Union).
Symbols of ancient religions.
Caodai's three main symbols:
These three symbols combine with Long Tu Phiến (Dragon Whisker Fan) and Thư Hùng kiếm (Couple Swords) to make other combinations of symbols:
1. Symbols of Hộ Pháp: the begging bowl, the fly-whisk and the Spring and Autumn Annals.
2. Symbols of Thượng Phẩm: the fly-whisk put under the Dragon Whisker Fan.
3. Symbols of Thượng Sanh: the fly-whisk and the Couple Swords crossed.
4. Symbols of Giáo Tông: a mixture of Thượng Phẩm and Thượng Sanh's symbols.
5. Symbols of Chưởng Pháp: three Chưởng Pháp have separate symbols:
Flowery floats & Lantern processions.
These activities usually take place in Tây Ninh Temple in major ceremonies.
The source of love & the source of humanitarian.
Two kinds of evergreen trees usually grown in a pagoda garden. The phrase implies a pagoda.
Côn lôn is an imaginary mount in Chinese legends, which is the headquarters of Xiển giáo, a true religion. On the contrary, Triệt giáo, a false religion, is located in Bích Du Cave.
His Holiness Hộ Pháp's Sermon on The Path to the Eternal Life:
"Having entered, I wanted to know who God the Father was. Was He also the Jade Emperor? I really wanted to know that.
While I was thinking, I saw something like a curtain and at once knew that He was in there. Before I could pull up the curtain, it suddenly opened, revealing something like an endless staircase. Then, He came in, dressing in white. What a nice and beloved whitebeard!
I was a bit confused because He was in different clothes compared to the One I had met in Linh Tiêu Ðiện. Seeming to know what I had thought, He looked at me, turning His walking stick into the scale of Justice and the white robe into Royal Clothes, which he had had in Linh Tiêu Ðiện. Immediately, I understood that He was both God the Father and Jade Emperor."
The same as công bình.
Thuyết đạo của Đức Hộ Pháp:
"Cây cờ cứu khổ của Ðạo Cao Ðài là Thương yêu và Công chánh. Phải thực hiện được hai điều ấy thì hòa bình và hạnh phúc mới đến với chúng ta được.
Ấy vậy, hiện giờ nhơn loại đang kiếm gì?
Luật thương yêu ấy, Chí Tôn đã ban bố mà nhơn loại chưa tìm được. Nhơn loại đang khao khát mà chớ!
Quyền công chánh thì do nơi luật thương yêu mà có. Quyền công chánh nơi mặt thế gian nầy không có, dầu trong tay đế quyền hay dân quyền cũng không có.
Ðức Chí Tôn Ngài đến, do tay Ngài ký một Hòa Ước với một sắc dân nô lệ, sắc dân hèn mọn, đặng Ngài năn nỉ xin cho đặng hai điều trọng yếu làm cho nhơn loại đặng sống tồn tại là: Luật Thương yêu và Quyền Công chánh.
Ngài đã ký, đã hứa với Thánh thể của Ngài, tức nhiên là cả quốc dân nầy, đặng tạo ra hình ảnh Luật Thương yêu. Nếu cả quốc dân VN lấy Quyền Công chánh làm thành tướng ra, rồi Ngài sẽ lấy tướng diện của nó làm món thuốc cứu sanh mạng của nhơn loại đó vậy."
His Holiness Hộ Pháp's Sermon:
"Caodai's strategy for salvation is Love and Justice. It is imperative that it be implemented to achieve peace and happiness.
So, what are humans looking for now?
They are looking for the scale of justice and the code of love.
The code of love was already granted by God, but humans have not discovered it yet. Humans are really thirsting for it.
The rights of justice results from love, so there has been no justice in the world, not in monarchy nor in democracy.
God has come, signing, in person, a treaty with a humble nation to insist on two important elements for human survival: the code of love and the rights of justice.
He has given His signature and words to create love. If the Vietnamese can carry out justice, that will be the treatment for the whole world."
Public, masses, people.
In compliance with Caodai's Constitution, male and female dignitaries of the Executive Body are selected by election.
1. Ðầu Sư is promoted to Chưởng Pháp by an election within his peer group( 3 Ðầu Sư).
2. Phối Sư is promoted to Ðầu Sư by an election within his peer group (36 Phối Sư).
3. Giáo Sư is promoted to Phối Sư by an election within his peer group (72 Giáo Sư).
4. Giáo Hữu is promoted to Giáo Sư by an election within his peer group (3000 Giáo Hữu).
5. Lễ Sanh is promoted to Giáo Hữu by an election within his peer group all Lễ Sanh.
6. A disciple is promoted to Lễ Sanh by an election among all disciples. An exception is the promotion granted by God (through a seance).
7. Chưởng Pháp and Ðầu Sư can be promoted to Giáo Tông by a general election. An exception is the promotion granted by God (through a seance).
Senior mandarins, powerful officials, high ranking officials.
Chinese: 公傳 & 心傳
Exoterism & Esoterism.
The same as Thể Pháp and Bí Pháp.
To achieve the ultimate religious goal.
To live together in perfect harmony.
Thuyết đạo của Hộ Pháp:
Thầy dùng Phép là lương tâm, quyền là tình ái, mà làm cho cả nhơn loại thấy rõ mặt Thầy, hầu nhìn lẫn nhau trong Thánh đức của Thầy mà cộng yêu hòa ái. Cộng hòa! Cộng hoà! Ấy là hai lời châu ngọc của Thầy để vào lòng mỗi người. Mình biết cộng hòa mới làm cho xã hội quốc dân cộng hòa, rồi làm gương rực rỡ quang minh mà truyền bá cả tư tưởng cao thượng ấy ra khắp hoàn cầu, cho cả nhơn loại đặng cộng hòa, đại đồng thế giới.
Sermon of His Holiness Hộ Pháp:
God uses the law of conscience and the power of love so that humans understand Him in order to live together in perfect harmony. Harmony! Harmony! The precious term has been imprinted on their mind. We know how to live in harmony, the whole nation does the same, then the idea spreads all over the world. Consequently, we have a harmoniously cosmopolitan world.
A psychic apparatus, a psychic pen.
A psychic apparatus (or pen) is used to receive divine messages. In Caodai, it is a bamboo or rattan basket covered with yellow cloth. A rattan pen, shaped like a bird's beak, is attached to the basket to write on some surface. This is called Ngọc Cơ (Ngọc is jewel). The bigger one is Ðại Ngọc Cơ and the smaller is Tiểu Ngọc Cơ. A seance includes a Chief, two psychics, a speaker and a secretary. After the Chief's prayer, the two psychics raise Cơ and wait. When Cơ writes some word on a table surface, the speaker dictates it to the secretary.
There is another kind of seance called "chấp bút" or automatic writing, where only a psychic and a pencil are needed. The psychic writes down the divine message on a sheet of paper under some heavenly spirits' control.
Psychics are classified into two categories: Unconscious psychics, whose spirits completely leave the bodies to receive the divine message. These psychics, however, are very exhausted at the end of a seance though the message is worthy of religious veneration. Conscious psychics, whose spirits partly leave the bodies during a seance. The message is less religiously interesting, but the psychics are not tired. In the beginning of Caodai, conscious psychics are used for faster and more communication, which was explained in The Collection of Divine Messages: "In the past, because of ignorance, psychics were less powerful than you are now. As a result, it was hard to receive interesting messages. Unconscious psychics got excellent holy text, but after the seance their spirits were so weak. Therefore, it is too slow to develop the religion using unconscious psychics".
II. History of Caodaist Psychic Apparatus:
At first, Messrs Cao Quỳnh Cư, Phạm Công Tắc and Cao Hoài Sang learned how to use xây bàn (table tipping) from Spiritualism Books imported to Vietnam from France. The process was too slow though. Thanks to it, however, they could contact the Seven Female Buddha and were instructed to make Ðại Ngọc Cơ, which accelerated their communication a lot. Most of the important messages later used as the foundation of Caodaism were from that apparatus. Since 1975, seances have not been held in Tây Ninh Temple anymore.
III. Divine, Devil, and Human messages:
According to The Collection of Divine Messages, there are three classifications of messages:
Divine messages are obtained by psychics who properly meditate to empty their minds. This kind of seance needs a completely silent atmosphere because noise, even the softest, can interrupt the communication. Then their spirits can communicate with the so-called Earlier Heaven Energy and receive pure divine messages. Such messages preach the truth and teach humans righteousness.
Devil messages are also transmitted via meditating psychics, but the so-called Later Heaven Energy dominates the process, resulting in bad information. Such messages contain lots of superstitions leading to wrongdoing and immoral life.
Human messages are received by psychics whose human energy thoroughly dominates the whole process. There is no Earlier Heaven Energy nor Later Heaven Energy this time. What is written down is what the psychics themselves want. Such messages are not sacred enough.
That raises the question of how to constitute the distinction among those messages.
IV. How to differentiate between true and false divine messages:
God's message on seances:
"Since there are various psychics, it is advisable to know the differences between TRUE and FALSE.
Spiritually, you do not know whether a spirit is a ghost or a Buddha, but, logically, you can see the distinction thanks to the logical nature of this spiritual communication.
There is a schism in our religion because believers are unaware of what a psychic is. Thaumaturgy is always believed to be performed by deities, not by devils. This is very superstitious! Stay way from that idea, disciples.
The usual magic is a psychic can guess what others are thinking or what is written in a covered envelope. Not only can deities perform it but also evil spirits can do the same, even better. Why? To trick people into doing what they want. It is a misconception that magics are always performed by Immortals or Buddhas.
Disciples, do not just imitate. Try to think twice about supernatural activities to realize the truth. In spiritualism, deities do not have better magics than devils except the Truth. That is the reason why I always tell you to consult your conscience and common sense after a seance.
Do not believe a message without any consideration just because some "Buddha" said so. The more venerable the title is, the craftier it is. Everything contains Good as well as Bad. I am you and you are Me. The only difference is My executive status in Heaven.
Religious believers are always hunted by devils, but the hunted can survive thanks to their own talents. Your talent is intelligence, which can tell whether something is true or false. Without intelligence, you will be tempted by the Devil someday.
Magics witnessed with your naked eyes are false like something blocking your eyes. Those are variable, depending on the situation. Therefore, you have to remove them before you achieve the Divine Mind and the Divine Eye. Those will be true indeed!"
V. Public seances stopped:
God's messages on June 1st 1927:
"In late June, I (God) have to put an end to all public seances. You disciples should finish with the establishment of the new religion.
Remember this is my decisive words!
Those who did the wrong things will deserve punishment. Just take the straight way to return to Heaven and see Me (God). That is the best choice."
From then on, seances have been held only by Hiệp Thiên Đài (The Communion Tower), Tây Ninh Temple in compliance with Caodai's Constitution. Unfortunately, seances have been banned since 1975.
Poverty and famine because of crop failure.
An organization of world redemption.
Ðức Phạm Hộ Pháp thuyết đạo về Cơ quan Chuyển thế:
"Bần đạo nhớ buổi Ðức Chí Tôn mới đến tỏ danh hiệu của Ngài, Ngài hứa với các môn đệ của Ngài buổi đầu về Cơ quan Chuyển thế, làm phân vân biết bao nhà trí thức, tìm hiểu hai chữ Chuyển thế là gì?
Theo Triết lý học, định nghĩa chữ Chuyển thế là xoay đổi thời đại hiển nhiên ra thời đại khác, hoặc không phù hạp, hoặc quá khuôn khổ nề nếp, nên quyết đoán thay đổi lập trường thiêng liêng vì thời đại nầy đã định. Chuyển nghĩa là sửa đổi cũ ra mới. Lấy nghĩa lý định hẳn ra, tức nhiên chúng ta nhận thấy các khuôn luật đạo đức từ trước để lại đến giờ đều bị biếm trách cả, bởi vì đời quá hung tàn bạo ngược, vô nhơn luân, tinh thần đạo đức không qui định tâm lý loài người không tương quan nhau, mất cả luật đồng sanh làm căn bản loài người, luật đồng sanh gần như bị hủy bỏ... ... ..."
His Holiness Hộ Pháp's Sermon on Cơ quan Chuyển thế:
"I remember when God came, making his Name known to us, He promised to create an Organization of World Redemption. That caused lots of scholars to research what redemption was.
Redemption can be defined as changing the current world, which is improper, outdated or too structured, into a better world. More exactly, old ethical standards have been rejected because humans are too aggressive and immoral. Established moral principles cannot control human behaviors anymore, so humans, consequently, cannot live together in perfect harmony."
1. Human life. For example: Mượn Thánh ân xây đổi cơ đời.( Using divine power to change human life).
2. Famine. For example: Những là khổ cực chịu cơ đời. (Lots of hardship and famine)
Lack of food and clothes.
Challenge, test, examination.
Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển:
"Chung quanh các con, dầu xa dầu gần, Thầy đã thả một lũ hổ lang ở lộn cùng các con. Thầy hằng xúi chúng nó thừa dịp mà cắn xé các con, song trước Thầy đã cho các con một bộ thiết giáp mà chúng nó chẳng hề thấy đặng là đạo đức của các con. Ấy vậy, ráng gìn giữ bộ thiết giáp đó hoài cho đến ngày các con hội hiệp cùng Thầy."
The Collection of Divine Messages:
"I (God) have let lots of predators live around you. I always induce them to eat you raw, but I have given you an invisible suit of armor, which is your ethics. Therefore, try to keep it until you return to Me."
(See Phát thanh)
( See Phước Thiện)
To ride on a crane or a dragon,i.e. live a pleasant life.
The hardship of parenthood.
Donation, offering, contribution.
Invisible wealth, that is the wealth in Heaven.
To kowtow to somebody.
This is the phrase sung out by the rite presenter in Caodaist ceremonies. Hearing this phrase, all attendants kowtow toward the altar. When "Hưng" is sung aloud, everyone stands up.
Daisy fades and fog evaporates, i.e. autumn (fall) ends.
Music. The term refers to worldly pleasure.
The Seance Spot in Tây Ninh Temple.
This is said to be a sacred place used for major seances. This place is right in front of the main altar in Tây Ninh Temple.
A palace named Ðẩu Suất, which belongs to Ðức Thái Thượng Ðạo Quân (Primeval Lord of Heaven) in Heaven.
Presenting flower offering to God.
In a Caodaist ceremony, believers are supposed to present to God:
Cung hiến tiên hoa. Presenting flowers symbolizing their bodies, believers pray, "I present my body to God the Father and God the Mother for whatever use."
Cung hiến tiên tửu. Presenting wine symbolizing their minds, believers pray, "I present my mind to God the Father and God the Mother for whatever use."
Cung hiến tiên trà. Presenting tea symbolizing their souls, believers pray, "I present my soul to God the Father and God the Mother for whatever use."
A woman's room.
The poem implies all women are prepared to practice religion.
Jewel Palace, i.e. Heaven.
Burning the petition to God.
Having been read in a Caodaist ceremony, the petition to God is burnt by the ceremony chief. The ceremony presenter sings out the above phrase to start the ritual.
Waiting on somebody.
Enter the ceremony in order, please.
The ceremony presenter sings out this to signal to everyone in a Caodaist ceremony.
The Palace of Toad, that is, the moon.
It is unnecessary to live a peaceful life or to have plenty of food (Lit). This expression implies one should not try to make a fortune or to live extravagantly.
The door of nothingness,i.e. a pagoda.
The same as cửa không.
A governmental office.
Chinese: 極樂涅槃 - 極樂世界 - 極樂國
Nirvana (Paradise, Kingdom of happiness, Heaven).
The name of a Caodaist cemetery in Tây Ninh, Vietnam.
According to Chinese Fengshui (an ancient art to find a good tomb site), the people whose late parents are buried in a sacred land will be successful later. Therefore, it is good for Caodaiists to be buried there because Tây Ninh is the Holy Land. Tây Ninh Temple is believed to be on a sacred position called "Lục Long Phò Ấn" (A seal supported by six dragons).
A horse bridle and bit. This expression implies fortune and fame, which keep people in a rat race. Practicing religion help free them from both that rat race and the cycle of birth and death.
To widely publicize a theory.
Obstinate, hardheaded, stubborn, disobedient.
Force, compel, oblige.
To argue against.
Koel, a genus of cuckoo. These birds are brood parasites, laying their eggs in other species' nests. The young birds are raised by other parents and leave when they are grown up. That is why they are thought to be disloyal.
To resent, to feel angry about.
Plan, intend, desire.
Redemption of the world from sin.
Helping somebody change from bad to good usually by preaching or a doctrine.
Saving somebody from a dangerous situation.
Kinh Cứu Khổ:
Nam mô Phật lực oai, Nam mô Phật lực hộ, sử nhơn vô ác tâm linh nhơn thân đắc độ.
Hồi Quang Bồ Tát, Hồi Thiện Bồ Tát, A Nậu Đại Thiên Vương, Chánh Điện Bồ Tát, ma kheo ma kheo thanh tịnh tỳ kheo, quan sự đắc tán tụng sự đắc hưu.
Chư Đại Bồ Tát, ngũ bá A La Hán, cứu hộ đệ tử ........ nhứt thân ly khổ nạn.
Tự ngôn Quan Thế Âm anh lạc bất tu giải, cần đọc thiên vạn biến tai nạn tự nhiên đắc giải thoát.
Prayer for Salvation:
I sincerely pray to the powerful and supportive Buddha that all humans be moralized and saved.
I sincerely pray to Hồi Quang Boddhisattva, Hồi Thiện Boddhisattva, the Ultimate Heavenly King, Chánh Điện Boddhisattva, and all senior priests that all social problems and court trials be solved and settled.
I pray to Boddhisattva Chiefs and five hundred Arahant for saving (name) from all dangers.
What Avalokistesvara Boddhisattva preaches is understandable enough and needs no explanations. Recite it thousands of times and you will suffer no more.
Saving a soul.
Saving the world.
Recovering a situation to the normal state, preventing something from collapsing.
1. CỬU: 九 - 9
2. CỬU: 久 - a long time.
Chinese: 九九: 終九
The final nine-day period in a Caodaist funeral.
A Caodai funeral, which is believed to enable a soul to pass the Nine Heavens, includes: nine nine-day periods, a Tiểu Tường (Little Fortune or the Mid Funeral) and a Ðại Tường(Great Fortune or the Funeral End).
The First Nine-day Period: 9 days after the death, a ceremony is held in the local Holy House. The Second Nine-day Period: 9 days after the first period, another ceremony is held.
The process continues the same way until the Ninth Nine-day Period, that is 81 days after the death.
200 more days is Tiểu Tường and after that 300 more days is Ðại Tường. Since then on, đám giỗ (Death Anniversary) is held annually.
The ancestor of the nine first Emperors,i.e. human ancestor.
Chinese: 九玄 - 九族
The nine levels of relationships - The nine families, i.e. all relatives of a person according to Chinese tradition.
Ancestors of nine levels in direct line.
Ðức Phạm Hộ Pháp thuyết đạo ngày 15-10-Canh Dần (1950):
"Bần đạo nói thật, thời buổi nầy, chúng ta không tìm phương giải thoát cho Cửu Huyền Thất Tổ thì không có thời buổi nào có năng lực độ rỗi Cửu Huyền Thất Tổ của mình đặng.
Bởi thế nên toàn thể con cái Ðức Chí Tôn, Nam Nữ cũng vậy, có tấm lòng yêu ái nồng nàn hoài vọng giọt máu, mảnh thân hình, giờ phút nầy là giờ phút nên để trọn tâm cho thanh tịnh đặng cầu nguyện siêu thoát cho Cửu Huyền Thất Tổ.
Bần đạo dám nói: Giờ phút nầy, mấy người có thể nhỏng nhẻo với Ðức Chí Tôn được. Ngài sẵn sàng để hai chữ ân xá thì mấy người xin cái gì thì ổng cũng cho cái nấy."
His Holiness Hộ Pháp's Sermon, 1950:
"Honestly, this is the only period when you can find the way to redeem all of your ancestors.
Therefore, all of God's children, who really love their ancestors, should silence their mind and pray for all ancestors' salvation.
I affirm you now can snivel to Him. God has granted a general amnesty, so He will grant you whatever you request."
The world of the dead, Hell.
According to Caodaism, when the universe began, 10,000,000 heavenly spirits (nguyên nhân) descended into the world to educate human beings. After two periods of Amnesty, only 800,000 of them returned to Heaven. To date, 9,200,000 of them have been stuck here. One of Caodai's functions is to save all of them in the Third Amnesty.
The Ninth Female Buddha.
One of the nine female Buddhas assisting God the Mother. According to divine messages, Her most recent incarnation was Miss Cao Thị Kiết (or Khiết), born 1895 in Bạc Liêu, Vietnam. She was sick and dead in 1920.
The nine Heavenly Grades.
Ninety five reincarnations.
Caodaist scriptures affirm Confucius has had 95 incarnations on earth, which is called the 68th planet.
(See Cửu nhị ức nguyên nhân)
This is the title of the god, who is traditionally believed to create lightning, thunder and rains.
Chinese: 九天玄女 (九天娘娘)
God the Mother.
In the first Banquet of Diêu Trì Cung at Mr Cao Quỳnh Cư's house, 134 Bourdais Street, SàiGòn 1925, God the Mother granted this poem.
Heavenly Masters in the Nine Heavens. The gods responsible for educating human beings.
Nine Fairies, another name for Nine Female Buddhas.
(See: Cửu vị Tiên Nương).
The Nine-Level Tower (Caodai Executive Body)
GENERAL DESCRIPTION: Caodaism is composed of three bodies:
The dignitaries in Caodai Executive Body are God's representatives, preaching the messages of God, educating sinners and help bring them back to God.
The Constitution of The Nine-Level Tower (Male Dignitaries) was decreed by God after the Ceremony of Inauguration on November 20th 1926. On February 10th 1927 under God's order His Holiness Lý Thái Bạch, Giáo Tông, issued the Constitution of Female Dignitaries.
II. HIERACHY OF THE NINE-LEVEL TOWER:
A. Male Dignitaries:
B. Female Dignitaries:
The same as male dignitaries with an exception:
The female highest rank is Nữ Ðầu Sư (1 position), the second highest is Nữ Chánh Phối Sư (1 position) and the positions of other lower ranks are unlimited.
III. CAODAI'S ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM:
Caodai's administration is organized according to the governmental administration. Hương đạo is for a hamlet or a village, led by a Chánh Trị Sự, a Phó Trị Sự and a Thông Sự.
Tộc đạo or Họ đạo is for a rural commune or a commune-level town, led by a Lễ Sanh.
Châu đạo is for a district, led by a Giáo Hữu.
Trấn đạo is for a province, led by a Giáo Sư.
Nine celestial planes, Nine Heavens.
1. Nine Heavens includes:
2. Cửu Trùng Thiên in Ðại Ðồng Xã: This term also refers to an octagonal nine-level tower in Ðại Ðồng Xã (Harmonious Yard) in front of Tây Ninh Temple, where funerals and cremations of Caodai's senior dignitaries are held.
The same as Cửu Nguyên, chín suối.
Chinese: 九位仙娘 - 九位女佛
The nine Female Buddhas, assisting God the Mother.
1. The First Female Buddha, who is believed to have an incarnation as a Vietnamese woman named Hoa, is in charge of Ngạn Uyển (the Heavenly Flower Garden) in the First Heaven, where each flower represents a spirit. The flower blooms when the spirit incarnates and fades when the spirits returns to Heaven.
2. The Second Female Buddha, who is said to have an incarnation as a Vietnamese woman named Cầm, takes care of vườn Ðào Tiên (Heavenly Peach Garden) in the Second Heaven.
3. The Third Female Buddha, who incarnated as a Vietnamese woman named Tuyến, manages the Third Azure Heaven. She takes spirits across the ocean of sorrow by Prana Boat.
4. The Fourth Female Buddha waits for spirits in the Yellow Heaven. She is the judge in various competitions, who will supports true talents to help develop the world. It is said She also incarnated as a Vietnamese woman named Gấm. 5. The Fifth Female Buddha governs the Red Heaven, where all spirits are led to Minh Cảnh Đài (Transparent Glass Tower) to review whether they have done good deeds or committed sins on earth. She also incarnated in Vietnam as a woman named Liễu.
6. The Six Female Buddha, who is said to have incarnated as Jeanne d'Arc (1412-1431)in France and as a woman named Huệ in Vietnam, is responsible for the Golden Heaven, leading all spirits to cung Vạn Pháp (Multiple Dharma Palace) to review their previous acts.
7. The Seventh Female Buddha see spirits in Hạo Nhiên Thiên (Immense Heaven), leading them to report to Ðức Chuẩn Ðề Bồ Tát and Ðức Phổ Hiền Bồ Tát. So kind-hearted is She that She volunteers to educate female spirits in Hell. In Vietnam, She incarnated as Miss Vương thị Lễ.
8. The Eighth Female Buddha sees spirits coming to Phi Tưởng Thiên (Beyond Thought Heaven). She granted a lot of poems and scriptures, especially the Prayer to God the Mother and the Esoteric Practice. She incarnated as a Chinese woman named Bạch Liên.
9. The Ninth Female Buddha sees spirits coming to Tạo Hóa Thiên (Creation Heaven), leading them to report to God the Mother. One of Her incarnations was in Vietnam as Miss Cao Thị Khiết.
Nine Caodai's Departments, which are the central system of Caodai's administration:
Nine Sections of Hell.
Ancient religious law. Caodaism maintains the religious law in the First and Second Amnesty are old fashioned. The present Third Amnesty's Law fits current human spiritual level, which is Caodai Canonical Laws.
Good deeds in one's former incarnation .
One's previous heavenly position.